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Reported Speech - notatka

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1. Reported Speech – zdania twierdzące i przeczące
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Example:
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Direct Speech ---> I’m cleaning my teeth.
Reported Speech --> He said that he was cleaning his teeth.
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2. Reported Speech – questions
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Example:
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Direct Speech ---> Are you American?
Reported Speech ---> She asked me if I was American.
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3. Reported Speech – zamiana czasów
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Present Simple -> Past Simple
Present Perfect -> Past Perfect
Past Simple -> Past Perfect
Present Continuous -> Past Continuous
Future Simple -> Conditional
Past Continuous -> Past Perfect Continuous
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3. Reported Speech – modal verbs
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will -> would
can -> could
can -> be able to (future)
may -> might
shall -> should (rada) / offer (oferta)
must -> must/had to
needn’t -> needn’t/didn’t need to/didn’t have to
ought -> ought
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4. Reported Speech – wyrażenia
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now -> then
here -> there
this -> that
these -> those
ago -> before
today/tonight -> that day/that night
tomorrow -> the next day/the following day
yesterday -> the day before/the previous day
next -> the following
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5. Reported Speech – requests and commands.
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She told me... – ona kazała mi...
She asked me... – ona poprosiła mnie...
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Examples:
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Direct Speech -> Can you repeat the question?
Reported Speech -> She asked me to repeat the question.
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Direct Speech -> Don’t cheat during the test.
Reported Speech -> She told us not to cheat during the test.
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